[PD] What Visual patch languages predate MAX?

Sean Costello seancostello2003 at comcast.net
Tue Sep 7 23:10:10 CEST 2004

Hi all:

In the article "Max at Seventeen," Miller Puckette mentions that several
computer music languages, including Oedit by Richard Steiger and Roger Hale,
implemented the visual "patch language" concept before Max came out in 1986.
What were some of these older visual patch languages? Did any of them
implement DSP, as well as control signals?


Sean Costello

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